COVID-19 pandemic: The deadly respiratory disease of 21st century

  • Shweta Jain Sir Madan Lal Institute of Pharmacy, Etawah (U.P.) India
  • Pankaj Kumar Jain Community Medicine, Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences, Saifai, Etawah (U.P.) India
  • Ramakant Yadav Department of Neurology, Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences, Saifai, Etawah (U.P.) India
  • Surendra Kumar Jain Sagar Institute of Research and Technology–Pharmacy,Bhopal (M.P.) India
  • Ankur Vaidya Pharmacy College Saifai, Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences, Saifai, Etawah (U.P.) India

Abstract

The sudden outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) caused by the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) originated from Wuhan, China. SARS-CoV-2 causes severe respiratory illness and becomes a major threat for humanity. Recently the entire scientist, researchers and physicians all over the countries focused to find the treatment of this pandemic disease. Numerous drugs and or vaccines have been trialed for prevention and treatment against 2019-nCoV but no therapy has been shown effective to date. Currently, numerous vaccines are under clinical investigation and mRNA-1273 vaccine (LNP- encapsulated mRNA vaccine encoding S protein) from Moderna is ahead. Although chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, remdesivir and many other drugs had recommended against SARS-CoV-2, but still they are not the guarantee treatment of COVID-19. Recently, India, America, Russia and China introduced vaccines against COVID-19 in the market, however assurance of their 100% effectiveness are doubtful.  The speed of daily new cases threatens the world and urges the scientist to crack this pandemic condition. 

Keywords: 2019-nCoV, Chloroquine, COVID-19, Moderna, Respiratory disease, Remdesivir

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How to Cite
Shweta Jain, Pankaj Kumar Jain, Ramakant Yadav, Surendra Kumar Jain, and Ankur Vaidya. “COVID-19 Pandemic: The Deadly Respiratory Disease of 21st Century ”. Current Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 11, no. 1, May 2021, pp. 01-18, doi:10.24092/CRPS.2021.110101.
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Review Articles