Preliminary Standardization, Extraction and Toxicity study of Moringa Oleifera Lam. Stem Bark
Moringa oleifera Lam [Moringaceae] is a highly valued plant, distributed in many countries of the tropics and subtropics. It has an impressive range of medicinal uses with high nutritional value. It is known by such regional names as drumstick tree, Sajiwan, kelor, Murungai kaai, marango, mulangay, saijhan, and sajna. Different parts of this plant such as the leaves, roots, seed, bark, fruit, flowers and immature pods contain a profile of important minerals, and are a good source of protein, vitamins, β -carotene, aminoacids and various phenolics which act as cardiac and circulatory stimulants, possess anitumor, antipyretic, antiepileptic, antiinflammatory, antiulcer, antispasmodic, diuretic, antihypertensive, cholesterol lowering, antioxidant, antidiabetic, hepatoprotective, antibacterial and antifungal activities, and are being employed for the treatment of different ailments in the indigenous system of medicine. This plant have broad spectrum activities so, further studies on other models and extensive clinical trials are needed to confirm these findings. The present study was undertaken to screen various phytochemicals like flavonoids and terpenoids present in the stem bark and evaluate the potentials for use of this plant, which will help to formulate effective herbal preparation that will be used to combat various disorders.